A tale of India’s railway heritage


“The joy of travelling, they say, is not where you go, but how you get there.”

Our heritage is the shared wealth of mankind. Preserving such valuable assets demands our collective efforts. India is wealthy of such heritages. Apart from our rich connections with past’s cultures, monuments, and buildings, India’s heritage railway tells a lot about our nation and its history. They have added to our country’s glamour quotient and draws tourists from across the world. Such rails time and again, seek to re-create scenes of the past.

There are two UNESCO World Heritage Sites on Indian Railways viz. the Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus and the Mountain railways of India.  Mountain railways of India are not contiguous but consist of three separate railway lines located in different parts of the country.


  • Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus – It is not just an iconic landmark for Indian Railways but also the most recognizable building in the city. With a glorious architectural history, It was included in the UNESCO’s world heritage list on July 2, 2004. Designed by architect Frederick William Stevens, the building incorporates many local influences and took almost 10 years to complete. Tens of thousands of commuters enter and exit every minute out of this architectural wonder and it has been celebrated in legends, songs, and cinema. Witness to a major tragedy in 2008, the 127-year-old Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus still stands majestically as not just an architectural icon but a symbol of Mumbai.


  • Mountain Railways-

Darjeeling Himalaya Railway

  1. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway – The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (DHR), one of the oldest mountain railways in the world, showcases marvellous and novel railway engineering work connecting the base of the Himalayas with 2000 meter high Darjeeling town. Immortalized in many songs of Bollywood, this Toy train is a very popular train circuit in India. The train started its operation in 1881 and its design applied solutions to the problem of establishing an effective rail link across a mountainous terrain of great beauty. The train offers the joy – riders a grand fiesta of the Himalayan snow peaks including the majestic Mt. Kanchenjunga (8598 m), world’s third highest peak. It was enlisted as a World Heritage site in 1999.


nilgiri mountain railway2. Nilgiri Mountain Railway – Probably the 1st mountain railway in the country that came up with rack and pinion system is still chugging well across the tracks after its 106 successful years. This railway line from Mettupalayam to Udhagamandalam was started in 1908. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway offers some of the best natural scenery around along with wildlife. Passing through many steep gradients, this toy train runs on a stretch of 26 km with 208 curves, 16 tunnels, and 250 bridges. Indeed a heritage ride of many and sudden twists and turns!


kalka shimla railway3. Kalka- Shimla Himalayan Railway – Sighting the spectacular scenery, feeling the cozy air while cutting across the majestic mountains and the pine forests of Himachal is what the popular toy train of Kalka- Shimla railway is all about. Built by Britishers in 1903 to provide access to their summer capital of Shimla, it is popular all around for the picturesque views of hills and the surrounding villages. Originally the were 107 tunnels on this track, but presently there are 102 tunnels but the last tunnel number 103is a famous landmark of the town. The longest tunnel on this track is Barog tunnel which is associated with a number of tales and legends.


  • Not in the Heritage List, yet – A HERITAGE!

matheran hill railway

  1. Neral – Matheran Railway -In shady trees and unpolluted air the journey to this hilltop called Matheran is sure to be through an exciting two-hour ascent in a toy train. With Matheran’s cliffs with incredible heights create stunning points, it is one of the most famous attractions of the city.It passes through the amazing mountain tunnels and dense forest of the region. Matheran is a Hill Station nested in the Western Ghat in the Raigad district of Maharashtra and is also known as one of the smallest hill station in India.


kangra valley2. Kangra Valley Railway – There are some journeys that are truer than the others. This 87-year old trail starts in Pathankot and ends in Jogindernagar,164 kilometres away in Himachal Pradesh’s Kangra valley. One of the last narrow gauge lines that were built in India, the train is a part of the valley as it complements it passing through deep gorges, feathery pine forests and fields of mustard basking yellow in the sun.

Indeed, such valuable heritage of our country is a rich reminder of the fact that how the entry of railways in India has bought a revolution – a change that has connected us by reach, distance, and spirits!



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